What is web hosting?

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Web hosting is the act of renting space and bandwidth through a company so that you may publish your web site online.

Whenever you visit a website, what you see on your web browser is an array of files that are provided to for your viewing pleasure instantly. These files are hosted on a physical server. The company that host these files is called a web hsoting company. These files are populated to your screen by a web hosting company.

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to provide their own website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server they own for use by their clients as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for servers they do not own to be located in their data center, called colocation.

There are many types of hostings:
Dedicated Hosting
Reseller Hosting
Shared Web Hosting
Free Web Hosting
Colocation Hosting
Managed Hosting

Hosting uptime refers to the percentage of time the host is accessible via the internet. Many providers state that they aim for a 99.9% uptime, but there may be server restarts and planned (or unplanned) maintenance in any hosting environment.

A common claim from the popular hosting providers is '99% or 99.9% server uptime' but this often refers only to a server being powered on and doesn't account for network downtime. Real downtime can potentially be larger than the percentage guaranteed by the provider. Many providers tie uptime and accessibility into their own service level agreement (SLA). SLAs sometimes include refunds or reduced costs if performance goals are not met.

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